Milk is a beverage or nutrient-rich drink that contains high amounts of essential body nutrients. Milk not only tastes great, but it also contains numerous nutrients required by the body for optimal health. Some of the major nutrients present in milk include calcium, potassium, high-quality protein, phosphorous, vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D, and magnesium.
Calcium is among the key nutrients lacking in a typical American diet. Governmental statistical data have shown that seven out of ten men and nine out of ten women do not reach the standard daily calcium requirements. All milk, including low-fat, reduced fat, fat-free, and whole milk contain the same nutritional profile except fat and calorie content. Calcium plays a vital role in strengthening teeth and bones. It also aids in blood clotting, muscle contraction, and functioning of the nervous system. Additionally, calcium helps in preventing diseases such as high blood pressure, and some cancers.
Protein is another essential nutrient that is contained in milk. Protein plays a vital role in developing and maintaining muscles, promoting healthy hair and skin, as well as maintaining blood albumin and hormonal levels. Proper antibody function also relies on proteins, which consequently helps the body to resist infections.
Vitamin A, which is present in milk, is required for cell division, growth, healthy skin, tissues and hair, reproduction, immune system and vision.
Potassium is another nutrient that is present in milk. It serves a number of roles including maintaining normal blood pressure, minimizing the risk of kidney stones and helping in minimizing bone loss.
Magnesium plays the vital role of helping in muscle contraction and transmitting nerve impulses.
Another element found in milk is phosphorous, which plays a critical role as a cell membrane component in phospholipid form.